How the Fallopian tubes affect Fertility?

How the Fallopian tubes affect Fertility? Learn from the Best IVF Centre in Delhi

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Fallopian tube and fertility

Fallopian tubes are a very important part of women’s reproductive organs. It comes in pairs and helps the eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus. It’s in the upper part of the womb and plays a critical role in fertility. Come and know more about treatment for fallopian tube with the best IVF centre in delhi.

Role of Fallopian tube:

At the time of ovulation in woman during the menstrual cycle, every woman’s one of the ovaries releases an egg that runs through fallopian tubes and, if it comes in contact with sperm, may or may not be fertilized and carried to womb. Fallopian tubes are bilateral conduits in middle of ovaries and uterus in female pelvis. It serves as a conduit for ovum transport and fertilization. Fallopian tube plays major role in female pregnancy. 

Fallopian tube has rich fluid and nutrition for early development of embryo, such as mucoproteins, electrolytes, and enzymes. In women reproductive system there are two ovaries and two fallopian tubes on each side of the uterus.

In cases of birth defects, or any kind of pelvic surgery, or past ectopic pregnancy, a woman may have only one fallopian tube, although she may be able to get pregnant if other tube is functioning properly with monthly menstrual cycles and a properly functioning ovary. For more related information you can contact the Best IVF Centre in Delhi

Infertility due to fallopian tube:

In case of blockage or any kind of obstruction in fallopian tubes, ovum and sperm can’t meet, or there will not be passage for sperm to travel to reach ovum. Most of the time women do not know about blockage as there are no any symptoms for Fallopian tube blockage, but this can be only known during fertility evaluation.

While in few cases our Top IVF Centre has observed, chances of mild pain on affected side of lower abdomen, or it may be due to type of blockage called hydrosalpinx when fluid fills and enlarges a blocked fallopian tube. Only in case of severe Endometriosis, severe pain during menstruation is observed.

In cases of partial blockage, due to improper cillary movement, fertilized eggs cannot travel towards uterus cavity, so there will be chances ectopic pregnancy, which is risky for woman.

In case, where both fallopian tubes are blocked on both sides, passage of sperm to eggs is blocked; hence, fertilization does not happen. In this case natural pregnancy is not possible so you can search Centre for  IVF.

Causes of fallopian tube blockages:

Centre for IVF has observed the causes can be:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): PID can cause scarring or hydrosalpinx (fluid accumulation within fallopian tubes). Genital tuberculosis is also one major cause in the Indian scenario.
  • Endometriosis: A small or large tissue like structure is formed outside uterus form scar tissue (adhesions, fibrosis) within pelvis and lower abdomen or other parts of body which change anatomy of fallopian tubes. 
  • Sexually transmitted infections (stis): chlamydia or gonorrhea infection has no symptoms, but they can cause scarring fallopian tubes and lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy: if diseased fallopian tubes are partially or completely removed.
  • Fibroids: Fibroids can block fallopian tubes by stopping a fertilized egg from implanting in uterus.
  • Past abdominal surgery any previous surgery, particularly on fallopian tubes, can result in pelvic adhesions and fallopian tube blockage.
  • Background of uterine infection caused by miscarriage or abortion.
  • In case of ruptured appendix

Our best 5 IVF centre in delhi and other all locations has all the facility for diagnosis of Fallopian tube blockage:

  • Hysterosalpingography/ HCG/ uterosalpingography: This radiological procedure can be useful to diagnosed shape of uterine cavity and fallopian tube. X-ray of pelvic area is taken after radio opaque dye is inserted from cervix to uterus. If uterus and fallopian tubes are normal, dye will pass through and spill out around ovaries and pelvic cavity. If dye is not spilled and circulated to get through tubes, then fallopian tubes are blocked. 
  • Laparoscopy, dye test, and hysteroscopy: with this test we can see inside uterus and fallopian tubes, ovaries, and internal pelvic area by directly visualizing both tubes through a telescope inside abdomen.
  • Pathological investigations: In case of blood infections, testing for presence of chlamydia antibodies can be carried out to check level of infection.

During infertility investigation by our Top IVF centre at Delhi and other city, all tests pertaining to hydrosalpinx or tubal sacculation, adhesions surrounding tubes, fimbrial cyst, Para ovarian cyst, and any uterine, ovarian, or tubal pathology are also being carried if required based on Top IVF Centre recommendation.  

Treatment can be carried out at top IVF Centre to remove Fallopian tube blockage.

  • Adhesiolysis can be done if there is blockage caused on by scar tissue, such as in cases of moderate and severe endometriosis.
  • Proximal tubal block, Hysteroscopic proximal tubal cannulation can also be tried.
  • One can choose to have their tubal ligation surgically reversed thereafter, but again the chances of success are low and it raise possibility of an ectopic pregnancy, a condition that can be fatal. IVF is thus undoubtedly a better alternative in this scenario.
  • Also, during hydrosalpinx, tubal cilia is damaged, which makes tubes in most cases non-functional, and IVF success will be increased if damaged tubes are removed or tubal ends are clipped.

This all treatments are possible at best IVF centre in Delhi.

Surgery or IVF:

It is really impossible for women to conceive naturally after surgery to repair fallopian tubes damaged by infection or ectopic pregnancy. Also, it can raise risk of ectopic pregnancy, which puts a woman’s life in risk. Although blocked fallopian tubes in women can lead to infertility, it is still possible to get pregnant.  

Pregnancy can be achieved despite fallopian tube damage by doing IVF in which fertilization is done outside the body, so fallopian tube is not required.

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