What is PCOD / PCOS? Treatment of Infertility due to PCOD / PCOS by Best IVF Doctors in Delhi
PCOD or PCOS is a hormonal disorder that leads to sporadic or extended menstrual periods or excess male hormone levels (known as androgen). Due to PCOS, the ovaries may develop follicles and ultimately fails to discharge eggs.
Do you know that 10% women around the world are suffering from PCOD? Apart from the erratic hormonal behavior this condition may welcomes Infertility, Diabetes, excess hair growth, and acne. However, let’s understand what best IVF doctors in Delhi say regarding the treatment of infertility due to PCOD or PCOS.
What is Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)?
PCOD full form is Polycystic Ovarian Disease. In case of PCOD, woman ovaries start producing undeveloped or partially mature eggs in bulk which becomes cysts in ovaries over the time. These ovaries when become large start producing a massive amount of androgens (male hormones) which ultimately causes unbalanced menstrual cycles, infertility, unusual weight gain, and hair loss.
According to top IVF doctors PCOD is possible to be controlled through a healthy lifestyle and diet.
What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS full form is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. It is nothing but a metabolic disorder when a woman gets affected by hormonal inequity in their reproductive ages. PCOS is a severe medical issue which requires utmost attention as it causes infertility, unusual hair growth on face and body, diabetes, and even heart disease.
Unfortunately, there are many women who are suffering through PCOS/PCOD and they don’t know about the same. Hence, it is essential to know the common symptoms of PCOS and PCOD.
Difference between PCOS and PCOD
|Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)||Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)|
|Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is responsible for high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and even endometrial cancer.||Polycystic Ovarian Disease doesn’t lead to any severe medical disease.|
|Polycystic Ovary Syndrome has serious impacts on women fertility as they are not able to ovulate regularly which make them hard to get pregnant. In case a woman with PCOS becomes pregnant there is a chance of premature birth, miscarriage or other severe complications in pregnancy.||Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) doesn’t have direct impact on a woman’s fertility. A woman with PCOD can become pregnant with little medical advice and medications suggested by best IVF doctors.|
|PCOS is more severe than PCOD as in this case ovaries stops producing eggs.||PCOD is a medical condition when ovaries start producing undeveloped eggs and it is inspired by obesity, poor lifestyle, hormonal imbalance, and stress.|
|0.2% to 2.5% women around the world are affected by Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)||10% women around the world are affected by Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)|
Symptoms of PCOD / PCOS
Some women experience PCOD or PCOS during their first period, however others recognize when they gain heavy body weight and face difficulties in getting pregnant. Therefore, IVF doctors in Delhi shared the following common symptoms of PCOD/PCOS you must know:
- Skipped or absence of menstruation (also known as Amenorrhea)
- Unbalanced menstruation (also known as Oligomenorrhea)
- Serious menstrual bleeding (also known Menorrhagia)
- Acne on chest, face, and upper back
- Extreme Hair growth on body including belly, chest, and back and face
- Heavy Weight gain
- Skin darkening issue under the breasts, Neck, and in the groin
- Unexpected Hair loss
Treatment of Infertility due to PCOD / PCOS by best IVF doctors in Delhi
Women with PCOS or PCOD can be diagnosed using blood tests and imaging. Based on your symptoms such as irregular hair growth on acne, back, face, chest, unbalanced periods, IVF doctors may ask your medical history, medications if taking including supplements and vitamins and accordingly they may recommend the following:
- Blood tests which will help doctors to understand your triglycerides levels, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). They may also recommend glucose tolerance tests.
- Pelvic examination will help them to check reproductive organs for abnormalities, masses, or any specific growth.
- Ultrasound imaging test will them to understand ovaries size, cysts in ovaries, and the lining of uterus.
Along with that the IVF doctor may recommend the following to check the complications:
- Screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
- Screening for depression and anxiety
- An accurate monitoring of glucose tolerance, blood pressure, triglyceride levels, and cholesterol.
Apart from this the doctor may also recommend you to maintain a healthy lifestyle with exercise and balanced diet. You may have to limit your carbohydrate intake and maintain your body weight. Book your appointment today with an IVF doctor to know recommended tests, diets, and medications.