The Fallopian tubes are two thin tubes, one on each side of the uterus, which help lead the mature egg from the ovaries to the uterus. When an obstruction prevents the egg from travelling down the tube, a woman has a blocked Fallopian tube, also known as tubal factor infertility. This can occur on one or both sides and is the cause of infertility in 40 percent of infertile women.
It’s also possible for the tube not to be blocked totally, but only partially. This can increase the risk of a tubal pregnancy, or ectopic pregnancy. Fallopian tube obstruction is a major cause of female infertility. Many women assume that if they are having regular periods, their fertility is fine. This isn’t always true.
Common Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes are:
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Uterine Fibroids.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Tubal Ligation Removal.
- Complications from lower abdominal surgery such as Cesarean section.
- Genital Tuberculosis (still common in developing countries, especially India)
How Infertility Caused By Blocked Fallopian Tubes :
Each month, when ovulation occurs, an egg is released from one of the ovaries. The egg travels from the ovary, through the tubes, and into the uterus. The sperm also need to swim their way from the cervix, through the uterus, and through the fallopian tubes to get to the egg. Fertilization usually takes place while the egg is travelling through the tube.
If one or both fallopian tubes are blocked, the egg cannot reach the uterus, and the sperm cannot reach the egg, preventing fertilization and pregnancy.
It’s also possible for the tube not to be blocked totally, but only partially. This can increase the risk of a tubal pregnancy, or ectopic pregnancy.
In Addition to Fertility Problems, Some Common Signs and Symptoms of Endometriosis Include:
- Pelvic pain.
- Painful intercourse.
- Painful urination.
- Painful bowel movements.
- Severe abdominal pain.
- Lower back pain.
- Heavy periods or spotting between periods.
How to Diagnose A Blocked Fallopian Tubes:
Blocked tubes are usually diagnosed with a specialized x-ray called a hysterosalpingogram, or HSG. This test involves placing a dye through the cervix using a tiny tube. Once the dye has been given, the doctor will take x-rays of your pelvic area.
Treatments: Can You Get Pregnant With Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
Laparoscopic Surgery for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
In some cases, laparoscopic surgery can open blocked tubes or remove scar tissue that is causing problems. Unfortunately, this treatment doesn’t always work. The chance of success depends on how old you are (the younger, the better), how bad and where the blockage is, and the cause of blockage.
Your risk of ectopic pregnancy is higher after surgery to treat tubal blockage.
IVF for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
IVF makes conception possible. IVF treatment involves taking fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries. Then, using an ultrasound-guided needle through the vaginal wall, your doctor retrieves the eggs directly from the ovaries. In the lab, the eggs are put together with sperm from the male partner or a sperm donor. Hopefully, some of the eggs fertilize and some healthy embryos result. One or two healthy embryos are chosen and transferred to the uterus.
IVF completely avoids the fallopian tubes so blockages don’t matter.
Our Success Story
Twenty seven year old women with primary infertility for last eight years approached the IVF consultant at Baby Joy IVF Centre. She was diagnosed with right side tubal blockage and had undergone laparoscopy procedure for opening the tube followed by several cycles of failed IUI at another test tube baby Centre in Delhi. She consult with us and She was confused and tired of all the previous treatments and was very depressed. Our Sr. IVF Expert suggested for IVF Treatment. She conceived in the first cycle and is successfully continuing her fifth month of pregnancy.