Here’s Everything You Need to Know About Uterine Fibroids by IVF Doctors in Delhi
The occurrence of uterine fibroids is a common phenomenon in middle-aged women, and often these are not accompanied by any symptoms. However, in some rare cases, women might experience heavy bleeding during their period cycle and unbearable abdominal cramps. While there are other extreme cases in which uterine fibroids might cause frequent urination, rectal pressure or enlargement of the abdominal region make the woman look pregnant.
Although this doesn’t indicate a severe medical condition in most cases, there’s no harm being mindful of the appearance of any symptoms to assess the need for medical supervision as suggested by IVF Doctors in Delhi.
What are fibroids
As suggested by IVF doctors in Delhi, Abnormal growth of muscular lumps or tumors in the uterine wall is medically termed as uterine fibroids. As seen generally, fibroids occur singularly or in bunch like grapes and are benign.
Fibroids also exhibit considerable variation in size ranging from that of a lemon seed to that of a grapefruit or even larger, causing an enlarged abdomen in the affected woman.
In middle-aged women or in women who are in their 50s, the occurrence of uterine fibroids can be as typical as 80 percent. However, a dramatic shrinkage of these tumors is noticed post menopause.
Genetic factors and other reasons like food habits that lead to obesity, low levels of vitamin D in regular meals, or a high concentration of red meat in the diet can also be influential in causing myoma.
More often than not, unless there are appearances of any symptoms, uterine fibroids remain under the carpet. However, you might come across their existence during a regular pelvic exam at your gynac.
In case these tests fail to show the presence of uterine fibroids, you might be asked to go through USG, MRI, or an X-ray imaging to diagnose fibroids. In more complex scenarios, the individual might as well be required to take an internal imaging test such as hysteroscopy. This is a minor surgical procedure that tends to involve the insertion of a camera head via the vaginal opening or a small cut leading to the uterus.
As seen in a greater population, uterine myoma is asymptomatic other than in some critical cases. Although very rarely, fibroids are seen to be causing heavy flow during period cycles. These might also develop painful abdominal cramps along with mid-cycle spotting.
Moreover, fibroids might result in a bloated uterine wall causing the development of excessive pressure in the lower abdomen. Minor complications such as constipation or troubles associated with peeing can be observed, and major complications can lead to miscarriage in some cases.
While asymptomatic uterine fibroids might not require any medical assistance, the ones that have made their presence visible need to be thoroughly checked up. Most of the medications that are available for treating fibroids come in a package of multilayered side-effects. Hence, surgery may be the safest option to get rid of these.
- Myomectomy: It is done to operate out the affected parts of your uterus, leaving the healthy parts untouched. This is a viable option in case the woman wants to conceive later. However, the development of fibroids can be noticed further in a few months.
- Endometrial ablation: It leaves the uterus unfit for pregnancy by using laser, electric currents, and other techniques to burn the uterine wall. Other methods include stopping the blood flow to fibroids in order to shrink them, using gel or plastic globules inserted in the blood vessels to that area.
Hysterectomy: However, the most successful procedure of removal of uterine fibroids has been the removal of the entire uterus—hysterectomy. This is useful for women who are suffering from large fibroids, are very close to menopause or are well determined to not conceive in the future.