In Vitro Fertilization Treatment in India
IVF is effective way of overcoming fertility issue
This is the most widely practiced assisted conception procedure in the world and in simple terms means fertilizing the eggs outside the body and transferring the resulting embryos in the uterus for implantation.
The IVF process involves:-
- Stimulation with medications to produce multiple follicles and eggs (only one follicle with one egg inside develops in a natural menstrual cycle)
- Retrieving the eggs from the ovaries when they’re ready (release and tubal pickup of the egg can be inefficient naturally)
- Coerce fertilization in the lab (sperm or egg issues can cause fertilization problems in a natural situation)
- Culturing the embryos for 2-3 days and then pick the best one (or more) for transfer to the woman – selection of the best one(s) increases success.
- We transfer the embryos to the best location in the middle of the uterine cavity (tubal transport of the embryo to the uterus is bypassed)
Who should be treated with in vitro fertilization?
IVF or IN Vitro Fertilization also known as test tube baby is an effective way of treating infertility of all causes except for women with infertility caused by an anatomic problem with the uterus, such as severe intrauterine adhesions.
It is generally used in couples who have failed to conceive after at least one year of trying or malformation defect also have one or more of the following:
- Blocked fallopian tubes or pelvic adhesions with distorted pelvic anatomy. Women that have had tubal ligation and are considering tubal reversal surgery as well as men that are considering vasectomy reversal surgery might also consider IVF.
- Male factor infertility (low sperm count or low motility). ICSI(INTRA CYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION) is an IVF procedure that can fertilize eggs even with poor sperm count.
- Failed 2-4 cycles of ovarian stimulation with intrauterine insemination
- Advanced female age – over about 38 years of age. In vitro fertilization and advanced maternal age is discussed in detail on the female age page.
- Reduced ovarian reserve, which means lower quantity (and sometimes quality) of eggs. A day 3 FSH and estradiol test, antral follicle counts and AMH hormone levels are often done as screening tests for egg quantity. Reduced egg quantity and quality is usually treated with either IVF, or with IVF with egg donation.
- Moderate to Severe endometriosis
- Unexplained infertility when inseminations have failed. Unexplained infertility means standard fertility tests have not found the cause of the fertility issue.