There has been tremendous advancement in the field of infertility since the birth of the world’s first test tube baby in 1978 in Great Britain. The choice of the treatment depends on the cause of the infertility. Which requires the advice of a specialist thereby deciding the most suitable form of treatment.
WHAT IS THE INCIDENCE OF INFERTILITY
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after at least 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 8-10% couples experience some form of infertility . On a worldwide scale, this means that 50-80 million people are infertile one out of 6 couples are affected by reduced fertility.
Age, life style, biological and medical factors play a role in the fertility of both males and females.
|Male factor||35 – 40%|
|Female factors||45 – 50% combined (10-15%)|
|Unexplained||10 – 15%|
MALE CAUSES: Male Cause IVF Treatment
1) Functional Defects :
- Erectile dysfunction
- Premature Ejaculation
- Retrograde Ejaculation
2) Pathological parameters :
- O : Oligospermia – Functional sperm conc. < 20million
- A : Asthenospermia – Functional motile sperm < 50%
- T : Teratospermia – Morphology < 30%
3) Azoospermia : Man with no sperm in the ejaculate
4) Other factors :
- Varicocele/ Hydrocele
- Undescended testis
- Working trends & environment
- Ovulatory disorders : Menstrual irregularities
- Altered functions of fallopian tube : Endometriosis – Distorting the tubes, Pelvic Infections leading to tubal block
- Anatomical defects Of Uterus : Fibroids, Adenomyosis, Asherman’s symdrome